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Explanation of the 99 Perfect Names Of ALLAH GOD

بِسْمِ اللهِ الرَّحْمَنِ الرَّحِيم

Praise be to God the Creator of the world, the One Who exists without beginning, without end, without location, without a "how" and Who does not depend on time. Nothing resembles Him in anyway and He hears and sees everything without organs. Whatever you imagine, God is different from that. May the elevation in degree and preservation of his community of what he fears for it, be granted to our master MuHammad Al-‘Amin, the Honest One, who called for following Islam, the religion of truth, the religion of all the Prophets: of the first, Adam, to the last MuHammad.

Allâh ta`âlâ says in the honorable Qour’ân:

﴿ لَيْسَ كَمِثْلِهِ شَىءٌ ﴾

(layça kamithlihi chay’)

which means: « There is nothing like Him. » [Sûrat Ash- Shûrah, ‘âyah 11]. Imam Abu Hanîfah said: « The Creator does not resemble His creatures. »

Allâh ta`âlâ says in the honorable Qour’ân:

﴿ وَللهِ الأَسْمَاء الْحُسْنَى فَادْعُوهُ بِهَا ﴾

which means: « Allâh has the perfect names, invoke Him by these names. » [ Sûrat Al-â`râf, ‘âyah 180]

The Prophet MuHammad, Sallallâhu `alayhi wa sallam, said:

« إن لله تعالى تسعةً وتسعينَ اسمًا مائةً إلا واحدًا من أحصاها دَخَلَ الجنةَ »

which means: « Allâh has 99 names whoever knows them by heart, believing their meaning, will enter to Paradise. » [Narrated by Al-Bukhâriyy and Mouslim]

And narrated by At-tirmîdhiyy according to Abû Hourayrah that the Prophet MuHammad, Sallallâhu `alayhi wa sallam, said:

 « إن لله تسعة وتسعين اسمًا مائةً إلا واحدًا من أحصاها دخل الجنة وهو وتر يحب الوتر هو الله الذي لا إله إلا هو الرحمنُ، الرحيمُ، المَلِكُ، القُدُّوسُ، السلامُ، المؤمِنُ، المُهَيمِنُ، العزيزُ، الجَبَّارُ، المتَكَبّرُ، الخَالِقُ، البارىءُ، المصوِّرُ، الغَفَّارُ، القَهَّارُ، الوهَّابُ، الرزّاقُ، الفتّاحُ، العليمُ، القابِضُ، البَاسِطُ، الخافِضُ، الرافِعُ، المُعِزُّ، المُذِلُّ، السميعُ، البصيرُ، الحَكَمُ، العَدْلُ، اللطيفُ، الخَبِيرُ، الحَلِيمُ، العظيمُ، الغفورُ، الشكورُ، العلي، الكبيرُ، الحَفِيظُ، المُقيتُ، الحَسِيبُ، الجليلُ، الكَريمُ، الرقيبُ، المجيبُ، الواسعُ، الحكيمُ، الودودُ، المَجيدُ، البَاعِثُ، الشهيدُ، الحقُّ، الوكيلُ، القويُّ، المتينُ، الوليُّ، الحميدُ، المُحْصي، المبدىءُ، المعيدُ، المُحيي، المميتُ، الحيُّ، القيُّومُ، الواجدُ، الماجدُ، الواحدُ، الصَّمَدُ، القادِرُ، المقتدِرُ، المقَدِّمُ، المؤخّرُ، الأولُ، الآخِرُ، الظاهرُ، الباطنُ، الوالي، المتعالي، البرُّ، التوابُ، المنتقمُ، العَفوُّ، الرءوفُ، مالكُ الملكِ ذو الجلالِ والإكرام، المقْسِطُ، الجامعُ، الغنيُّ، المغني، المانعُ، الضارُّ، النافعُ، النورُ، الهادي، البديعُ، الباقي، الوارثُ، الرشيدُ، الصَّبورُ، الكافي. »

wich means: « Allâh has 99 names whoever knows them by heart, believing their meaning, will enter to Paradise, He is Allâh, there is no God but Him, Ar-RaHmân, Ar-RaHîm, Al-Malik, Al-Quddûs, As-Salâm, Al-Mu’min, Al-Muhaymin, Al-`Azîz, Al-Jabbâr, Al-Mutakabbir, Al-Khâliq, Al-Bâri’, Al-MuSawwir, Al-Ghaffâr, Al-Qahhâr, Al-Wahhâb, Ar-Razzâq, Al-FattâH, Al-`Alîm, Al-QâbiD, Al-BâsiT, Al-KhâfiD, Ar-Râfi`, Al-Mu`izz, Al-Mudhill, As-Samî`, Al-BaSîr, Al-Hakam, Al-`Adl, Al-LaTîf, Al-Khabîr, Al-Halîm, Al-`ADHîm, Al-Ghafûr, Ach-Shakûr, Al-`Aliyy, Al-Kabîr, Al-Hafîdh, Al-Muqît, Al-Hasîb, Al-Jalîl, Al-Karîm, Ar-Raqîb, Al-Mujîb, Al-Wâsi`, Al-Hakîm, Al-Wadûd, Al-Majîd, Al-Bâ`ith, Ash-Shahîd, Al-Haqq, Al-Wakîl, Al-Qawiyy, Al-Matîn, Al-Wâliyy, Al-Hamîd, Al-MuHSî, Al-Mubdi’, Al-Mu`îd, Al-MuHyî, Al-Mumît, Al-Hayy, Al-Qayyûm, Al-Wâjid, Al-Mâjid, Al-WâHid, AS-Samad, Al-Qâdir, Al-Muqtadir, Al-Muqaddim, Al-Mu‘akhkhir, Al-‘Awwal, Al-‘Âkhir, ADH-DHâhir, Al-BâTin, Al-Wâlî, Al-Muta`âlî, Al-Barr, At-tawwâb, Al-Muntaqim, Al-`Afuww, Ar-Ra’ûf, Mâliku l-Mulk, dhu l-Jalâli wal-‘Ikrâm, Al-MuqsiT, Al-Jâmi`, Al-Ghaniyy, Al-Mughnî, Al-Mâni`, AD-Dârr, An-Nâfi`, An-Nûr, Al-Hâdî, Al-Badî`, Al-Bâqî, Al-Wârith, Ar-Rashîd, AS-Sabûr, Al-Kâfî. »

Allah name

1. Allâh الله: The One Who has the Godhood, which is the power to create the entities.

2. Ar-RaHmân الرحمن: The One Who has an abundance of mercy for the believers and the blasphemers in this world and exclusively for the believers in the Hereafter.

3. Ar-RaHîm الرحيم: The One Who has an abundance of mercy for the believers.

4. Al-Malik الملك: The One with absolute Dominion, and the One Whose Dominion is clear of imperfection.

5. Al-Quddus القدوس: The One Who is pure from any imperfection and clear of children and adversaries.

6. As-Salâm السلام: The One Who is clear of every imperfection.

7. Al-Mu’min المؤمن: The One Who witnessed for Himself that no one is God but Him ; and Who witnessed for His believers that they are truthful in their belief that no one is God but Him.

8. Al-Muhaymin المهيمن: The One Who witnesses the saying and deeds of His creatures.

9. Al-`Azîz العزيز: The Defeater Who is not defeated.

10. Al-Jabbâr الجبار: The One for Whom nothing happens in His dominion except what He willed.

11. Al-Mutakabbîr المتكبر: The One Who is clear of the attributes of the creatures and of resembling them.

12. Al-Khâliq الخالق: The One Who brings everything from non-existence to existence.

13. Al-Bâri’ البارئ: The Creator Who has the Power to turn the entities from one state to another.

14. Al-MuSawwir المصور: The One Who forms His creatures in different pictures.

15. Al-Ghaffâr الغفار: The One Who forgives the sins of His slaves time and time again.

16. Al-Qahhâr القهار: The One Who dominates everything, Who has the perfect Power and is not powerless over anything.

17. Al-Wahhâb الوهاب: The One Who gives with profusion, that is to say, he rewards those who have obeyed as a favor from him.

18. Ar-Razzâq الرزاق: The One Who makes the Sustenance reach His slaves.

19. Al-FattâH الفتاح: The One Who opens for His slaves the closed worldly and religious matters.

20. Al-`Alîm العليم: The One Who knows everything ; He knows everything before it arrives. His science does not change.

21. 22. Al-QâbiD القابض . Al-BâsiT الباسط: The One Who constricts the sustenance by His Wisdom and expands and widens it with His Generosity and Mercy.

23. 24. Al-KhâfiD الخافض. Ar-Râfi` الرافع: The One Who lowers whomever He willed by His Destruction and raises whomever He willed by His Endowment.

25. 26. Al-Mu`izz. المعز. Al-Mudhill المذل: The One Who gives esteem to whomever He willed ; hence there is no one to degrade him. The One Who degrades whomever He willed ; hence there is no one to give him esteem.

27. As-Samî` السميع: The One Who Hears all things by His Eternal Hearing without an ear, instrument, or organ.

28. Al-BaSîr البصير: The One Who Sees all things by His eternal Sight without a pupil or any other instrument.

29. Al-Hakam الحكم: The One who judges between His creatures in the Hereafter, there is no judge other than Him, and He is just in His judgment.

30. Al-`Adl العَدْلُ: The One Who is clear from injustice, from oppression. Injustice is impossible about God. The One Who is entitled to do what He does.

31. Al-LaTîf اللطيفُ: The One Who is beneficent to His slaves from whom they do not expect.

32. Al-Khabîr الخَبِيرُ: The One Who knows the truth of things.

33. Al-Halîm الحَلِيمُ: The One Who delays the punishment for those who deserve it and then He might forgive them.

34. Al-`ADHîm العظيمُ: The One Who is eminent, who deserves more veneration than any other, and who is exempt from the attributes of creatures, He is the most eminent.

35. Al-Ghafûr الغفورُ: The One Who forgives a lot.

36. Ash-Shakûr الشكورُ: The One Who gives ample reward for a little obedience.

37. Al-`Aliyy العلي: The One Who is clear of the attributes of the creatures.

38. Al-Kabîr الكبيرُ: The One Who is greater in status than everything.

39. Al-HafîDH الحَفِيظُ: The One Who protects whatever and whomever He willed to protect.

40. Al-Muqît المُقيتُ: The One Who has the Power.

41. Al-Hasîb الحَسِيبُ: The One to whom the slaves are accountable what they did in this life.

42. Al-Jalîl الجليلُ: The One Who is attributed with greatness of Power and Glory of status.

43. Al-Karîm الكَريمُ: The One Who is clear of abjectness.

44. Ar-Raqîb الرقيبُ: The One from Whom nothing is absent. Hence its meaning is related to the attribute of Knowledge.

45. Al-Mujîb  المجيبُ: The One Who answers the one in need if he asks Him.

46. Al-Wâsi` الواسعُ: The One Who gives a sustenance that suffices for all creatures.

47. Al-Hakîm الحكيمُ: The One Who creates things according to wisdom. He who has absolute wisdom.

48. Al-Wadûd الودودُ: The One Who approved his virtuous slaves.

49. Al-Majîd المَجيدُ: The One Who is with perfect Power, High Status. The One Who gives a lot of benefits.

50. Al-Bâ`ith البَاعِثُ: The One Who resurrects His slaves after death for reward and/or punishment.

51. Ash-Shahîd الشهيدُ: The One Who knows everything and nothing escapes His knowledge.

52. Al-Haqq الحقُّ: The One Who truly exists, i.e., the One Whose Existence is confirmed. His existence is obligatory according to the sound mind.

53. Al-Wakîl الوكيلُ: The One Who gives sustenance to slaves and who knows their states.

54. Al-Qawiyy القويُّ: The One with the complete Power.

55. Al-Matîn المتينُ: The One with extreme Power and Who does not get tired.

56. Al-Waliyy الوليُّ: The One Who gives victory to His believing slaves, so the Prophets and those who follow them are the victors because they are the winners in the hereafter.

57. Al-Hamîd الحميدُ: The One Who deserves to be praised and thanked and glorified.

58. Al-MuHSî المُحْصي: The One Who knows everything in quantity and number.

59. Al-Mubdi’ المبدىءُ: The One Who brings creatures from non-existence to existence.

60. Al-Mu`îd المعيدُ: The One Who brings back the creatures after death.

61. Al-MuHyi المُحيي: The One Who took out a living human from seminal fluid that does not have a soul. He quickens the dead by giving the souls back to the decayed bodies on the Resurrection Day, and He makes the hearts alive by the light of knowledge.

62. Al-Mumît المميتُ: The One Who renders the living dead.

63. Al-Hayy الحيُّ: The One Who is attributed with a life that is unlike our life and is not that of a combination of soul, flesh, and blood.

64. Al-Qayyûm القيُّومُ: The One Who remains and does not end and He doesn’t change. He doesn’t need others.

65. Al-Wâjid الواجدُ: The One Who doesn’t need anything.

66. Al-Mâjid الماجدُ: The One Who is eminent and who gives a lot of benefit.

67. Al-WâHid الواحدُ: The One Who is unique and has no partner. The only one who is eternal without beginning.

68. AS-Samad الصَّمَدُ: The One Who doesn’t need anything and all creatures need him.

69. Al-Qâdir القادِرُ: The One Who is attributed with Power.

70. Al-Muqtadir المقتدِرُ: The One with the perfect Power from Whom nothing is withheld.

71. 72. Al-Muqaddim المقَدِّمُ. Al-Mu’akhkhir المؤخّرُ: The One Who puts things in their right places. He makes ahead whatever He wills and delays whatever He wills.

73. Al-‘Awwal الأولُ: The One whose Existence is without a beginning.

74. Al-‘Akhir الآخِرُ: The One whose Existence is without an end.

75. 76. ADH-Dhâhir الظاهرُ. Al-BâTin الباطنُ: The One above Whom nothing exists and underneath Whom nothing exists ; hence He exists without a place. His Existence is obvious by proofs. He is clear of the delusions of bodily attributes.

77. Al-Wâli الوالي: The One Who owns all things and His will is realized in all things.

78. Al-Muta`âli المتعالي: The One Who is clear of the attributes of the creation.

79. Al-Barr البرُّ: The One Who is beneficent to His creatures. His beneficence includes all His creatures. There are some who thank and some who do not. Thanking God takes place by having faith in Him, that is, by being a Muslim.

80. At-Tawwâb التوابُ: The One Who grants repentance to whomever He willed among His creatures and accepts his repentance.

81. Al-Muntaqim المنتقمُ: The One Who victoriously prevails over His enemies and punishes them for their sins. It may mean the One Who destroys them.

82. Al-`Afuww العَفوُّ: The One with wide forgiveness.

83. Ar-Ra’ûf الرءوفُ: The One with extreme Mercy. The Mercy of Allâh is His Will to endow upon whomever He willed among His creatures.

84. Mâlikul-Mulk مالكُ الملكِ: The One Who controls the dominion and gives dominion to whomever He willed.

85. Dhul-Jalâl Wal-‘Ikrâm ذو الجلالِ والإكرام: The One Who deserves to be Exalted and not denied.

86. Al-MuqsiT المقْسِطُ: The One Who is Just in His judgment.

87. Al-Jâmi` الجامعُ: The One Who gathers the creatures on a day there is no doubt about, that is, the Day of Judgment.

88. Al-Ghaniyy الغنيُّ: The One Who does not need the creation.

89. Al-Mughnî المغني: The One Who gives creatures what they need and sustenance.

90. Al-Mâni` المانعُ: The One Who deprives whoever he wants of what he wants.

91. 92. Ad-Dârr الضارُّ. An-Nâfi` النافعُ: The One Who makes harm reach to whomever He willed and benefit to whomever He willed.

93. An-Nûr النورُ: The One Who guides to the light of faith.

94. Al-Hâdî الهادي: The One Who guides who He wants among His slaves.

95. Al-Badî` البديعُ: The One Who created the creation and formed it without any preceding example.

96. Al-Bâqî الباقي: The One He Who does not annihilate The annihilation is impossible according to the sound mind concerning God.

97. Al-Wârith الوارثُ: The One Whose Existence remains after the annihilation of creatures.

98. Ar-Rashîd الرشيدُ: The One Who has facilitated creatures to accomplish what is profitable to them.

99. AS-Sabûr الصَّبورُ: The One Who does not quickly punish the sinners.

100. Al-Kâfî: The One Who gives sufficiency and the necessary and relieves torments.

الحمد لله رب العالمين